After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. It would have forced the government to commit to negotiating an agreement with the EU on refugee children – thereby hardening the promise of the existing law to make a declaration on the matter within two months. And, Mr President, I am pleased to say that on Monday, the Vice-President of the European Commission, Maroé Efsovic, and I – as co-chair of the joint committee set up to negotiate the implementation of the protocol – reached an agreement in principle on an agreement that is in line with all these commitments and puts the people of Northern Ireland first. In the face of inexorable opposition, May postponed a parliamentary vote on the deal on 10 December. The next day, she met with Chancellor Angela Merkel to get assurances that she hoped would be enough to convince skeptical lawmakers to back the deal. But while she was gone, radical conservatives triggered a vote of no confidence. May won the vote the next day. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e.
at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be paused.   On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted by 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  This bill aims to implement the agreement between the UK and the EU, in accordance with Article 50, paragraph 2, of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the terms of the UK`s exit from the EU.