6. It should be noted that this document is intended to provide an overview, not a compendium of all participants` contributions. It does not pretend to be exhaustive. The document does not affect the position of the participants or their interpretation of the WTO agreements, including the agriculture agreement, and should not, in any way, prejudge the scope and content of the negotiations or their outcomes. 17. Many, although not all participants considered the increase in import volumes under existing tariff quotas to be an essential element of the continuation of market access commitments, and several of them proposed specific modalities to this effect. This issue cannot be considered in isolation from the level of tariff reductions to be negotiated. Among the main outstanding issues are: 50. This overview shows that, as things stand, significant negotiating efforts and flexibility on all sides will be essential to be able to define the modalities within the prescribed time frame. Participants will recall that, as part of the agreed work programme, a first draft of the terms of engagement will be discussed at the special session on 24 and 28 February 2003. This first draft, as well as the modalities that were subsequently set out, must of course faithfully respect the Doha mandate mentioned in paragraph 2. Effective use of limited time is essential. 14.

The terms of the new obligations, including the special and differentiated treatment provisions, are agreed by 31 March 2003. Participants presented their detailed schedule plans, based on these terms, no later than the fifth session of the Ministerial Conference. Negotiations, including rules and disciplines and related legislation, will conclude within the framework and at the conclusion of the entire negotiating agenda. 3.a) Members ensure that state-traded importers are operated in accordance with the provisions of this article and subject to the provisions of Article XVII and other relevant provisions of the 1994 GATT, this agreement and other WTO agreements. For the purposes of this article, so-based trading companies include all state-owned or non-governmental enterprises, including a marketing board of directors that, by virtue of its governmental or quasi-governmental status, exclusive or special rights, privileges or benefits, including legal or constitutional powers, or which, because of their status as an exclusive or special government, rights, privileges or benefits. , including legal or constitutional powers, which influence state import companies (hereafter referred to as public import companies) through their purchases, or because of their effects on these state-owned commercial enterprises, sales, prices or export prices. With 153 members and thousands of products, the easiest way to do this is the Sorgimulion for discounts. These formulas are at the heart of the “modalities.” Once agreed, governments will be able to apply the formulas to their tariffs and subsidies to set new caps. The 11Cluster analysis is a mathematical and statistical method for collecting objects in clusters with similar characteristics. In this case, the objects are members of the wto and the characteristics are their positions on the negotiating issues.

The cluster analysis therefore presents a distribution of countries that shows groups with similar positions and therefore similar objectives in the negotiations. The analysis of this section is based on work prior to Bjarnskov and Lind [2002], where further details on the method and data techniques are available. [2] Table 3 shows the ten clusters identified with countries with similar positions in the negotiations; The table also shows the size of a portion of the world`s population in one of the ten clusters. For reasons of limited space, we are focusing here on the location of the Harbinson proposal and the final agreement on modalities.